Beit Midrash

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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    16. Fields and Vehicles

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    The poskim disagree about whether the obligation to light Ĥanuka candles is limited to the home. Some argue that the Sages ordained that only one who has a home must light candles. Others maintain that even one who does not have a home must light candles wherever he is.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    15. Hospital Patients

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    A patient in a hospital is still obligated to light Ĥanuka candles. However, if he is married, he fulfills his obligation through his spouse’s lighting at home.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    14. Hotels

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    People staying in a hotel must light Ĥanuka candles. It is best to light in one’s hotel room. If the hotel management does not permit guests to light candles in their rooms, then since there is no alternative one should light in the dining room.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    13. Yeshiva Students, Soldiers, and College Students

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    A yeshiva student who sleeps in his dormitory room and eats in a cafeteria must light in his room. An uncertainty arises regarding Sephardic students.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    12. Unmarried People who Live Alone

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    If an unmarried person has his own home, regardless of whether it is owned or rented, he must light candles there. If he is visiting friends at candle-lighting time but will return home to sleep, he cannot fulfill his obligation at his hosts’ home. Rather, he must return home to light.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    11. A Married Person Who Is Away from Home

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    If a married man goes alone on Ĥanuka to visit friends or family while his wife remains at home, his wife must light the candles, and this exempts him from lighting.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    10. Guests on Shabbat Hanuka

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    When a family goes away for Shabbat, the hosts’ home is considered their home on that Shabbat. Thus, the guests should buy a share in the host’s candles for a pruta, which allows them to fulfill their obligation through the host’s lighting.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    9. Guests

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    When a family is visiting friends or relatives at candle-lighting time, it is not considered their home for the purpose of candle-lighting, so they cannot fulfill their obligation to light Ĥanuka candles there.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    7. Waiting for a Family Member

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    In many families, the question arises as to the appropriate procedure when one’s spouse cannot make it home from work by tzeit. Is it better to light at tzeit or to wait for his or her return?

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    8. Lighting Before Shki’a or Late at Night in Pressing Circumstances

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    One who was unable to light Ĥanuka candles by 9 PM may light all night until dawn. However, he should recite the berakhot only if it is very likely that someone on the street will see his candles.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    6. Delaying Candle-Lighting When Necessary

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    If one finds it difficult to return home by tzeit, he may light later. One should try to return home as soon as possible, in order to light close to the ideal time ordained by the Sages.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    5. Friday Evening and Saturday Night

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    On Friday evening, obviously one may not light candles after sunset, since Shabbat begins at sunset, and on Shabbat one may not light a fire. In addition, one should not light immediately before sunset because of the mitzva of tosefet Shabbat

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 10 5782
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    4. The Proper Time and Duration of Lighting

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    The Sages ordained that one must light the Ĥanuka candles when the miracle will be publicized most effectively.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 10 5782
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    3. Apartment Buildings

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    Nowadays, many people live in apartment buildings. The best place for them to light is in a window facing the street or on a porch facing the street, as this is the most effective way of publicizing the miracle.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 10 5782
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    2. Private Homes

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    The Sages’ enactment seems to indicate that in the past there was no concern that the wind would blow out the Ĥanuka candles that were lit at the entrance to the home.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 10 5782
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    1. Where to Light

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    The Sages state: “Ĥanuka candles should be placed at the doorway, outside the home. One who lives on an upper floor places them in the window facing the street. In times of danger, it is sufficient to place them on the table”

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 10 5782
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    15. Candle Lighting at Public Gatherings

    Chapter 12: Lighting the Hanuka Candles

    Many people glorify the miracle by lighting Ĥanuka candles wherever people gather, like at weddings, bar mitzvas, bat mitzvas, Ĥanuka parties, and lectures. But may one recite a berakha over the lighting at such an event?

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 10 5782
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    14. Lighting in the Synagogue

    Chapter 12: Lighting the Hanuka Candles

    It is customary to light Ĥanuka candles in the synagogue, reciting all of the berakhot there that we recite at home. It is customary to light the candles between Minĥa and Ma’ariv.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 10 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    13. Prior to Lighting

    Chapter 12: Lighting the Hanuka Candles

    One may not begin to eat within half an hour before candle-lighting time, which is at tzeit. Likewise, one may not begin any type of work during the half-hour period before candle-lighting.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 10 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    12. Setting up the Candles and Lighting Them

    Chapter 12: Lighting the Hanuka Candles

    When setting up the menora, one is faced with several choices: Where, preferably, should the first candle be set up on the first night, the second on the second night, etc., and which candle should be lit first?

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 10 5782
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