Beit Midrash

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    The Month of Adar

    7. Are Women Obligated to Hear Parashat Zakhor?

    Chapter 14: The Month of Adar

    According to most poskim, women are not obligated in the mitzva of remembering Amalek, because this mitzva is connected to the mitzva of annihilating Amalek.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    The Month of Adar

    6. Parashat Zakhor

    Chapter 14: The Month of Adar

    The Sages instituted the reading of Parashat Zakhor once a year in order to fulfill the Torah commandment to remember and not forget the evil deeds of Amalek.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    The Month of Adar

    5. The Mitzva to Wipe Out Amalek

    Chapter 14: The Month of Adar

    The mitzva to destroy Amalek is primarily incumbent upon the people of Israel as a whole. Indeed, the Sages taught that the people of Israel were commanded to fulfill three mitzvot upon entering Eretz Yisrael

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    The Month of Adar

    4. The Three Mitzvot Concerning the Obliteration of Amalek

    Chapter 14: The Month of Adar

    Three mitzvot in the Torah relate to Amalek. The first is a positive commandment to remember what Amalek did to us. . The second is a negative commandment not to forget what Amalek did to us. The third is a positive commandment to eradicate Amalek’s offspring from the world.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    The Month of Adar

    2. The Four Parshiyot

    Chapter 14: The Month of Adar

    The Sages instituted the public reading of four Torah passages (parshiyot) in addition to the weekly Torah portion: Parashat Shekalim, Parashat Zakhor, Parashat Para, and Parashat Ha-ĥodesh.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    The Month of Adar

    3. Leap Years and the Added Month of Adar

    Chapter 14: The Month of Adar

    It is well known that the Jewish months are fixed by the lunar cycle, whereas years follow the solar cycle, because Pesaĥ must always be in the springtime. In order to keep the lunar months in sync with the solar year, leap years, in which an extra month is intercalated, must be declared occasionally.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    The Month of Adar

    1. When Adar Arrives We Increase Our Joy

    Chapter 14: The Month of Adar

    The Sages said, “When Av arrives we curtail [our] joy, and when Adar arrives we increase [our] joy”. In saying this, the Sages teach us that nothing happens by chance and that every season has its own character and nature.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    16. Fields and Vehicles

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    The poskim disagree about whether the obligation to light Ĥanuka candles is limited to the home. Some argue that the Sages ordained that only one who has a home must light candles. Others maintain that even one who does not have a home must light candles wherever he is.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    15. Hospital Patients

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    A patient in a hospital is still obligated to light Ĥanuka candles. However, if he is married, he fulfills his obligation through his spouse’s lighting at home.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    14. Hotels

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    People staying in a hotel must light Ĥanuka candles. It is best to light in one’s hotel room. If the hotel management does not permit guests to light candles in their rooms, then since there is no alternative one should light in the dining room.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    13. Yeshiva Students, Soldiers, and College Students

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    A yeshiva student who sleeps in his dormitory room and eats in a cafeteria must light in his room. An uncertainty arises regarding Sephardic students.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    12. Unmarried People who Live Alone

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    If an unmarried person has his own home, regardless of whether it is owned or rented, he must light candles there. If he is visiting friends at candle-lighting time but will return home to sleep, he cannot fulfill his obligation at his hosts’ home. Rather, he must return home to light.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    11. A Married Person Who Is Away from Home

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    If a married man goes alone on Ĥanuka to visit friends or family while his wife remains at home, his wife must light the candles, and this exempts him from lighting.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    10. Guests on Shabbat Hanuka

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    When a family goes away for Shabbat, the hosts’ home is considered their home on that Shabbat. Thus, the guests should buy a share in the host’s candles for a pruta, which allows them to fulfill their obligation through the host’s lighting.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    9. Guests

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    When a family is visiting friends or relatives at candle-lighting time, it is not considered their home for the purpose of candle-lighting, so they cannot fulfill their obligation to light Ĥanuka candles there.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    7. Waiting for a Family Member

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    In many families, the question arises as to the appropriate procedure when one’s spouse cannot make it home from work by tzeit. Is it better to light at tzeit or to wait for his or her return?

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    8. Lighting Before Shki’a or Late at Night in Pressing Circumstances

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    One who was unable to light Ĥanuka candles by 9 PM may light all night until dawn. However, he should recite the berakhot only if it is very likely that someone on the street will see his candles.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    6. Delaying Candle-Lighting When Necessary

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    If one finds it difficult to return home by tzeit, he may light later. One should try to return home as soon as possible, in order to light close to the ideal time ordained by the Sages.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 12 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    5. Friday Evening and Saturday Night

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    On Friday evening, obviously one may not light candles after sunset, since Shabbat begins at sunset, and on Shabbat one may not light a fire. In addition, one should not light immediately before sunset because of the mitzva of tosefet Shabbat

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 10 5782
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    Peninei Halkha - Hanukkah

    4. The Proper Time and Duration of Lighting

    Chapter 13: When and Where to Light Hanuka Candles

    The Sages ordained that one must light the Ĥanuka candles when the miracle will be publicized most effectively.

    Rabbi Eliezer Melamed | Kislev 10 5782
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