It is a mitzva to educate our children to observe the mitzvot relating to Tisha Be-Av and mourning over the destruction of the Temple, just as we teach them about all other mitzvot.
20. When Tisha Be-Av Falls Out on Shabbat and is Postponed
When the ninth of Av falls out on Shabbat, the fast is postponed to Sunday. On that Shabbat, we show no signs of mourning.
19. The Laws of the Tenth of Av
The Babylonians conquered the Temple on the seventh of Av and set it ablaze toward evening on the ninth of the month, and it continued burning throughout the tenth. The Jewish people refrained from eating meat and drinking wine on that date.
18. Torah Verses in the Prayers and in the Berakha of She-asa Li Kol Tzorki
Most of the passages recited in the Korbanot section were included in the regular prayer service. On Tisha Be-Av, when one may not study Torah, the question arises: May one recite these passages?
17. Removing the Curtain from the Ark; Talit and Tefilin
We remove the curtain from the synagogue’s ark prior to Ma’ariv. Many have a custom not to wear a talit or tefilin at Shaĥarit.
16. Aneinu, Nahem, Birkat Kohanim, and Tahanun
The laws of reciting Aneinu on Tisha Be-Av are the same as on the other fast days. The Sages instituted that one should add the Naĥem prayer to the berakha of Boneh Yerushalayim in the Amida whenever Aneinu is recited.
The Sages state: “Anyone who works on Tisha Be-Av will never see any sign of blessing from it”.
15. Reading Eikha and Dimming the Lights
We read Eikha after praying Ma’ariv. It is customary to darken the synagogue on the night of Tisha Be-Av. Many people have a custom to read it again during the day, after reciting the Kinot.
13. Sitting and Lying on the Ground
Technically, there is no obligation to sleep or lie on the ground on Tisha Be-Av. Some people sleep on the ground on Tisha Be-Av; others sleep without a pillow. It is customary to sit on the ground like mourners on Tisha Be-Av.
12. Going on Trips and Visiting the Western Wall
It is clear that one should not refrain from going to the Kotel (the Western Wall) out of concern that he might meet friends there and become happy.
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