13. The Siren and Moments of Silence on Yom Ha-zikaron
The Knesset decided that “Two minutes of silence will be observed throughout the entire country, during which all work and travel will cease.”
12. Yom Ha-zikaron: A Day of Remembrance for Israel’s Fallen Soldiers
From a halakhic standpoint, there is no need to institute a general memorial day for the holy soldiers who were killed in battle.
11. Shaving, Haircuts, Weddings, and Tahanun
Do the customs of mourning that we observe during the omer period apply to Yom Ha-atzma’ut? Responses to this question have varied greatly.
10. Yom Yerushalayim
All the holy places in Judea and Samaria – most significantly the Old City of Jerusalem and the Temple Mount – were liberated, along with the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan.
9. Celebrating Yom Ha-atzma’ut on a Different Date
When Yom Ha-atzma’ut falls out on a Friday or Shabbat, there is good reason for concern that the celebrations and ceremonies will cause public desecration of Shabbat.
8. She-hecheyanu and Hallel at Night
Some maintain that the salvation of Yom Ha-atzma’ut is similar to that of the Exodus from Egypt, and thus we must recite Hallel at night.
7. Reciting a Berakha on Hallel
Some say that even though we thank God on Yom Ha-atzma’ut, we should not recite Hallel with a berakha.
6. Reciting Hallel
It is a mitzva to recite Hallel on special occasions, in order to thank and praise God for the miracles He performs on our behalf.
5. Establishing Yom Ha-atzma’ut as a Permanent Holiday
There is a mitzva to establish a holiday of rejoicing and praising God on a day when the Jewish people were saved. It was on this basis that the Sages established Purim and Ĥanuka as permanent holidays.
4. The Three Oaths
The verse states: “I adjure you, O maidens of Jerusalem, by gazelles or by hinds of the field: Do not wake or rouse love until it please!” ). The Sages explain that God administered three oaths: two to Israel – not to ascend to their land forcefully all together and not to rebel against the nations – and one to the gentiles – not to subjugate the Jews excessively.
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