Tevet 28, 5770
1st century Jewish Education
I am writing a paper for school, and I was wondering about the education of a 1st century Jewish person. I have found a little information on the subject but want to know more. Can you help?
The Talmud (Tractate Bava Bathra 21a) praises the sage Joshua Ben Gamla (1st century CE) with the institution of formal Jewish education. Prior to this, parents taught their children informally. Ben Gamla instituted schools in every town and made education compulsory from the age of 6 or 7.
The Talmud attaches great importance to the children who study at the Rabbi's house, stating that the world continues to exist for their learning and that even for the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem classes are not to be interrupted (Tractate Shabbat 119b).
See also the book “The Jewish people in the first century” chapter nineteen “Education and the Study of Torah” page 945.
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