I’m not well and have trouble getting up in the morning. I’m often davening in Yehidus close to Sof Zman Kriat Shema and sometimes Sof Zman Tefilla. 1. Close to Sof Zman Kriat Shema,is it better to skip Pesukei Dezimra (and what else?) and say Shema with Berachot? 2. What can you skip when close to Sof Zman Tefilla? 3. My wife is very busy,and often ends up davening while hanging out the washing, cooking etc is that better than not davening?
ב"ה Shalom Firstly, allow me to wish you well. In order to say kriat Shema close to the end of the Zman, you can put on Teffilin and say kriat Shema before Tefilla and then continue as usual. You do not have to skip. In order to say Shmoneh esreh on time you should behave as one who comes late to shul, meaning to say Birkot Hashachar, Baruch sheamar, Asrei and yishtabach and then say kriat shma and its Brachot . (פסקי תשובות סי' נב) Even if you pass zman Tefilla you should still daven even until Chatzot of the day and you still have the reward for Tefilla though it is not on time. However, you should no longer say kriat shma after the fourth hour. If you are up on time, but because of health reasons you can't go to shul, you should at least try to daven at the same time the shul does, to benefit to a degree of some joining with the community. In regard to your wife, she should at least try to say Birkot Hashachar with full concentration, because according to some opinions that is the minimum requirement for women for tefilla. (see pninnei Halacha, Nashim)If your davens shmoneh esreh, she is required to daven with all the decorum which Shmoneh Esreh requires. Be well and all the best.