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Order of Titles/Names of God

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Rabbi Ari Shvat

Shevat 29, 5782
Question
I noticed that within the Tenach that the term אלהים (Elohim) always seems to follow the Tetragrammaton of the four-letter Hebrew word יהוה. It never seems to appear the other way around (except Psalm 68:27 and when it reads אל אלהים יהוה, see Psalm 50:1 or Joshua 22:22). Yet when we look at the word אדני it is often followed by the Tentragammon (with the exception of Psalm 109:21, 140:8, 141:8 and Habakkuk 3:19). So when these words follow each other directly in a sentence, why is the order always as I described? I.e. why יי אלהים and not אלהים יי, and why אדני יי and not יי אדני? There is probably a very simple grammatical explanation for it, but I was hoping you could share your insight on why it is written this way; in these orders.
Answer
The Name of God (4 letters) refers to "Midat HaRachamim", the trait of mercy, as opposed to Elohim which literally means: Judge and is used for "Midat HaDin". We prefer that God place His Mercy towards us before (!) He judges us, to use His mercy before His justice.
את המידע הדפסתי באמצעות אתר yeshiva.org.il