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Druze people in Israel


Rabbi Yoel Lieberman

Elul 15, 5779
What is the Jewish view on Druze people and them living in Israel?
ב"ה Shalom Basically, the attitude towards the Druze in Jewish law is that to all non-Jews. The Rambam stipulates ( Hilchot Avoda Zara 10:6) that in order for an idol worshipper to remain in Eretz Yisrael , he must accept upon himself the 7 laws of Noach. Then he retains the status of a "ger toshav". However, he also says that in our time, with no Bet Hamikdash or the jubilee year, the status of ger toshav". Is not observed. The Ra'avad on the other hand, says that even in our time, such non-Jews may remain in Eretz Yisrael. Some hold, that the relinquishing of idol worship is enough and they need not take upon themselves the 7 laws of Noach. (Mishpat Cohen pgs. 365-366. Also see Talmudic encyclopedia, entry; Ger Toshav note 14.) From this point of view, the Druze who do not worship idols are worthy to be included among those who observe the 7 laws of Noach. However, violent events carried out by some of the Druze some years ago, led some Rabbis (of the Hebrew counterpart of this website) to question this assumption, while others felt it was only the actions of individuals and does not reflect on the entire community. All the best
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